The monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia) is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The snake can be found in India, China, Vietnam, and Cambodia, as well as Malaysia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal, and Thailand.
The snake’s length ranges from 4 to 5 feet with a maximum length of 7.5 feet. They are called monocled cobras due to the O shape hood pattern, also knowns as the monocellate hood pattern.
Monocled cobras are found in grasslands, scrublands and forests as well as human settlements and cities. They are also known to inhabit agricultural lands such as rice fields where they are known to hide in burrows of small rodents.
They feed on small mammals such as rodents, and other snakes. Juveniles eat amphibians.
The monocled cobra's venom is one of the fastest acting snake venoms in the world. Its venom, which has different potency depending on where the snake is found, can cause death within an hour of envenomation. The neurotoxins in its venom leads to drowsiness, neurological problems and muscle issues.