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New Frog Species of the Genus Euphlyctis Discovered in Bangladesh

February 9, 2015



Herpetologists in Bangladesh have discovered and described a new species of frog of the genus Euphlyctis that was found in the Barisal district of Bangladesh. The frog, Euphlyctis kalasgramensis  has a snout-to-vent length between 30.44 – 37.88 mm, lacks a mid-dorsal line, and is grayish brown in coloration with dark round spots. It features a dark edged white band on the rear upper part of the thighs with a white ventral surface. 


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Euphlyctis kalasgramensis can be found in ponds, rice and crop fields, and in temporary pools of water. They breed in shallow water and have a somewhat unique breeding characteristic in that the gravid female prefers to hear a chorus of calling males and chooses one from the chorus. When this occurs, the female approaches the male and the male jumps on the back of the female, clings to in by holding onto its armpits with its forearms and then forms an axillary amplexus. The male also uses its hid legs to kick away competing males. The pair then move to a body of water and complete the spawning event.

Euphlyctis kalasgramensis

Mohammad Sajid Ali Howlader/University of Helsinki

Euphlyctis kalasgramensis can be found in Bangladesh.

 

Scientists that performed the research and contributed to the paper include Mohammad Sajid Ali Howlader (Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland) , Abhilash Nair, (Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland), Sujith V. Gopalan, (Molecular Ecology Laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India), and Juha Merilä ( Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland).

The complete paper can be found in the PLOS One Journal.


John B. Virata keeps a western hognose snake, a ball python, two corn snakes, a king snake, and two leopard geckos. His first snake, a California kingsnake, was purchased at the Pet Place in Westminster, CA for $5. His first pet reptile was a green anole that arrived in a small box via mail order. Follow him on Twitter @johnvirata 

 

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